Property Related Tax
Tax on capital income
Determination of residence
The taxpayer is deemed to be tax resident in France if any one of the following tests is satisfied.
They spend 183 days or more each year in France.
Their principal business activity in France.
Their habitual residence is in France.
Their "centre of economic interests" is in France. This would be the case if the taxpayer has their principal investments in France, manages their business from France or the majority of their income is from French sources.
If the taxpayer is also resident in another country, their residence is decided in reference to the relevant Double Tax Treaty, if one exists between the two countries.
Consequences of being tax resident in France
As a French tax resident, the taxpayer is liable to:
French income tax on their worldwide income and capital gains. Where the taxpayer is also taxed in another country on this income, double tax relief is taken.
French Wealth Tax on their worldwide net assets.
French Inheritance Tax on assets that they bequeath on death or gift during their lifetime. Where the taxpayer is also domiciled in another country for the purposes of this tax, double tax relief is taken.
Personal income tax rates in France
Impôt sur le
Revenu des Personnes Physique. Tax Year 2013 (income to be
declared in 2014).
|Taxable income (Euros)||Tax Rate %|
|Up to 6,011||0|
|6,011 to 11,991||5.5|
|11,991 to 26,631||14.0|
|26,631 to 71,397||30.0|
| 71,397 to 151,200
Income tax is calculated
according to the total income of the household, which is
deemed as being equally distributed between each member of the
household (called a part). The total income is divided
by the number of parts before applying the above
rates. The resulting figure is then multiplied by the number
of parts to give the total tax due.
Each child counts as half a
part. The tax advantage obtained for each child is limited to
1,500 Euros (known as plafonnement), or 3,540 Euros
for one-parent families.
Income tax deductions and allowancesAllowances against employment income
Filing deadlines for French income tax returns
The French tax year is equal to the calendar year. Filing dates for the annual income tax return are as follows:
In 2014, the annual filing deadline for
French residents is 31st May,
Payments on account are due by the following dates:
Extensions of up to approximately 3 weeks are
automatically granted to
taxpayers who file their
There is no Pay As you Earn tax
system for employees in France. All employees must therefore
submit annual returns and pay the tax due on receipt of the
final tax assessment.
Wealth Tax in France
ISF (Impôt de solidarité sur la fortune). Taxation of taxpayer's net wealth as at 1st January 2014.
|Net wealth of taxpayer (million Euros)||Tax rate %|
|0.8 - 1.30
|1.30 - 2.57
|2.57 - 5.00
|5.00 - 10.00
The taxpayer is exempt from submitting a Wealth Tax declaration if their assets are below 1.3 million Euros.
Basis of taxation:
French company tax rates
IS Impôt sur les sociétés. 2014 rates: tax on 2013 profits.
Currently there is a flat tax
rate of 33.33% on profits on companies.This includes the
For qualifying small-medium
companies (turnover less than 7.63 million), there is a
reduced tax of 15% on the first 38,120 Euros of profit. In
order to qualify, the share capital of the company should be
fully paid up and at least 75% of this share capital should
belong to physical persons.
As of 1st January 2012, there
is a supplementary tax contribution (surtaxe) that
applies to companies with turnover above 250 million Euros.
French company tax is payable on account with payments due on a quarterly basis.
VAT (TVA- Taxe sur la Valeur Ajoutée)
The current standard rate of VAT in France is 20%. This is the general rate applying to the supply of goods and services.
There is a reduced rate of 5.5% or 10% which applies to certain goods and services, including:
Finally, there is a special rate of 2.1%, which applies to a limited scope of goods and services.
Gains Tax on the sale of French property (plus-values
The sale of a resident's main residence is exempt from Capital Gains Tax.
In other cases, the deductible cost is calculated as follows:
The taxable gain (plus-value
brute) is reduced according to the period that the
property has been owned, and reaches zero after 22 years of
ownership. This is for income tax purposes; Social Charges are
reduced to zero after 30 years of ownership.
There is also an 25% reduction
in the taxable gain for property that is sold before 31st
From 1st January
2014, onwards, there are also surcharges for capital gains
over 50,000 Euros on the sale of property, as follows:
|Capital gain||Additional tax|
|50.000 - 100.000€||2%|
|100.000 - 150.000€||3%|
|150.000 - 200.000€||4%|
|200.000 - 250.000€||5%|
For residents of France, there is currently 19% tax on the resulting gain; and Social Charges which are currently 15.5%.
For non-residents, the following percentage of the taxable gain is withheld at source on sale of the property.
Taxe d'Habitation and Taxe Foncière
These are French local property taxes.
The Taxe d'Habitation is payable by the occupier of the property, and the Taxe Foncière is payable by the owner. Both taxes are payable on an annual basis.
Owner / occupiers of property pay both of these taxes.
Income tax on capital income- interest, dividends and capital gains on investments.
Up to 2012, the taxpayer could opt for French savings income
to be subject to taxation at source, with no further income
tax payable in their annual tax return. This is known as a prélèvement forfaitaire
libératoire (PFL). This option was abolished as of 1st January 2013, with the exception of taxpayers with income of less that 2,000 Euros per annum.
Capital income is also subject to Social Contributions (Contributions Sociales) of 15.5%.
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The information on this page is for guidance purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for proper professional advice.
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